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中部地区生态经济系统协调度的时空演化
苏慧1, 张仲伍1, 张兴毅2, 王伯礼3
1.山西师范大学 地理科学学院, 山西 临汾 041000;2.山西省发改委宏观研究院, 山西 太原 030000;3.中国科学院 地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100020
摘要:
[目的]对中部地区生态经济系统协调度进行评估,为该地区生态经济系统治理提供理论支持。[方法]基于1992,2000,2008和2016年中部6省GDP数据和Landsat TM遥感影像土地利用数据,计算生态系统服务价值(ESV)以及生态经济系统协调度(EEH),评估其生态经济系统协调度及时空演化特征。[结果]①1992年以来,中部地区GDP呈现快速增长模式,但增长速度具有明显的时空差异。安徽和江西2省快于其他地区,湖南省增长最为缓慢;②中部地区生态系统服务价值(ESV)波动上升,呈现良性发展态势,空间分布特征是南部高于北部,西部高于东部;③1992-2016年中部地区EEH值在各省变化较为明显,安徽和湖北省EEH呈现改善趋势,河南省EEH值最高,其余省份改善不明显或有下降趋势。[结论]由于各地区自然条件和社会经济等方面的差异,生态经济系统协调度(EEH)存在一定差异,可持续发展水平也表现出一定的空间分异。
关键词:  生态经济系统协调度(EEH)  生态系统服务价值(ESV)  时空演化  中部地区
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2019.04.045
分类号:F205
基金项目:山西省研究生教育改革研究课题"普通高校研究生协同创新培养模式研究"(2018JG58);山西省软科学研究计划项目"基于GIS和生态足迹的山西省生态承载力动态分析研究"(2018041056-3);山西省社科联重点课题研究项目(SSKLZDKT2018158)
Spatial-temporal Evolution of Coordination Degree of Eco-economic System in Central China
Su Hui1, Zhang Zhongwu1, Zhang Xingyi2, Wang Boli3
1.School of Geography, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen, Shanxi 041000, China;2.Shanxi Provincial Development and Reform Commission Macro Research Institute, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030000, China;3.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100020, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The coordination degree of eco-economic system in the Central China were evaluated in order to provide theoretical advice for the eco-economic system governance in the region.[Methods] Based on the GDP data of the six central provinces in 1992, 2000, 2008 and 2016 and the land use data of Landsat TM remote sensing image, the ecosystem service value(ESV) and eco-economic system coordination(EEH) was caculated, and its eco-economic system coordination degree and spatial-temporal evolution characteristics were evaluated.[Results] ①Since 1992, the GDP of the Central China had shown a rapid growth pattern, but the growth rate had obvious spatial-temporal differences. Anhui and Jiangxi Province were faster than other provinces, Hu'nan Province had the slowest growth; ② The Central China ecosystem service value(ESV) fluctuated, it showed a benign development trend. The spatial distribution characteristics were higher in the south than in the north and higher in the west than in the east. ③ The coordination degree of the eco-economic system(EEH) in the central region was more obvious in 1992-2016, and the EEH in Anhui and Hubei Province showed an improvement trend. The EEH in He'nan Province was the highest, and the improvement in other provinces was not obvious or had a downward trend.[Conclusion] Due to the differences in natural conditions and social economy in various regions, the eco-economic system coordination degree(EEH) had certain differences, and the level of sustainable development also showed a certain spatial differentiation.
Key words:  eco-economic system coordination degree  ecosystem service value  spatial-temporal evolution  Central China