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西安市引汉济渭与黑河引水工程多水源联合调配模拟
刘玒玒1, 李伟红1, 赵雪2
1.西安财经大学 管理学院, 陕西 西安 710100;2.空军工程大学 基础部, 陕西 西安 710043
摘要:
[目的] 建立陕西省西安市引汉济渭与黑河引水工程多水源联合调配模拟模型,为西安市水资源可持续发展提供决策依据。[方法] 在分析西安市供水工程和用水户基础上,绘制水资源系统网络概化图,构建了多水源联合调配模拟模型,确定调配规则。通过典型年和长序列年法求解模型,得到不同来水频率情况下的多水源联合调配方案。[结果] 2020水平年,来水频率分别为50%,75%和95%时,引汉济渭调水量分别占西安市需水量的39.74%,37.59%和35.33%;在特别枯水年,引汉济渭供生活用水达1.19×108 m3,占西安市生活需水总量的36.28%。[结论] 计算结果表明,引汉济渭工程通水后,西安市水资源短缺局面得到缓解,调水量对保障西安市供水安全发挥了极大的作用。
关键词:  水文学及水资源  水资源配置  联合调配  陕西省引汉济渭工程  黑河引水工程
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.01.020
分类号:TV213.9
基金项目:陕西省教育厅专项科研计划项目"态情景下城市水资源优化配置及评价研究:以西安黑河引水系统为例"(19JK0324)
Joint Operation Simulation of Multi Water Sources of Hanjiang River to Weihe River Water Transfer Project and Heihe River Diversion Project in Xi'an City
Liu Honghong1, Li Weihong1, Zhao Xue2
1.School of Management Engineering, Xi'an University of Finance and Economics, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710100, China;2.Department of Basic Science, Air Force Engineering University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710043, China
Abstract:
[Objective] A simulation model of the multi-source joint allocation for the Hanjiang to Weihe River water transfer project and Heihe River diversion project of Shaanxi Province was established. This was aimed at providing a basis for the sustainable development of water resources in Xi'an City.[Methods] Based on the analysis of the water supply project and the consumers of water in Xi'an City, the mixing rule was determined. This was achieved by constructing a network generalization map of the system of water resources and by building a simulation model of the multi-source joint allocation. Through a long series of calculations, the joint deployment scheme for different water supply frequencies was obtained.[Results] In 2020, when the incoming water frequency will be 50%, 75% and 95% respectively, the water supply of the Hanjiang River will be 39.74%, 37.59% and 35.33%, respectively. In the special dry year, the water supply of the Hanjiang River was 1.19×108 m3, accounting for 36.28% of the total water demand in Xi'an City.[Conclusion] The water shortage in Xi'an City can be effectively alleviated by the implementation of the water diversion project, which has played a significant role in ensuring the safety of the water supply in Xi'an City.
Key words:  hydrology and water resources  allocation of water resources  joint operation  Hanjiang River to Weihe River water transfer project of Shaanxi Province  Heihe River diversion project