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基于公众视角的土地整治供需匹配研究——以杭州市萧山区为例
赵景辉1,2, 丁庆龙1, 叶艳妹1,3, 张晓滨1
1.浙江大学 土地与国家发展研究院, 浙江 杭州 310029;2.杭州浙大东南土地研究所有限公司, 浙江 杭州 310029;3.国土资源部 城乡建设用地节约集约利用实验室, 北京 100812
摘要:
[目的] 基于公众视角对土地整治供需情况进行测算,旨在为完善土地整治内涵提供科学依据。[方法] 从农业发展、生活与生态环境改善和休闲文化旅游3个方面,构建土地整治供需指标测算体系,揭示浙江省杭州市萧山区土地整治供需匹配度。[结果] ①萧山区保障农业发展类匹配度整体较高,均在0.88以上;生活与生态环境改善类次之,均在0.85以上;休闲文化旅游类较低,最低仅为0.83。②土地整治过于强调农业发展供给,而生活与生态环境、休闲文化旅游供给相对不足,公众需求表达机制缺失,参与度较低,导致对土地产品需求不能得到有效地满足。[结论] 基于公众视角和供需理论构建的土地整治供需匹配模型定量化测算供需匹配度具有一定科学性。
关键词:  土地整治  供需匹配  公众视角  杭州市
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.01.032
分类号:F323.24
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目"我国耕地资源修养战略和保障机制研究"(14ZDA039);国土资源部土地整治中心多功能土地整治方案研究项目
Study on Supply and Demand Matching of Land Consolidation from Public Perspective—A Case Study of Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou City
Zhao Jinghui1,2, Ding Qinglong1, Ye Yanmei1,3, Zhang Xiaobin1
1.Land Academy for National Development, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310029, China;2.Southeast Land Research Co. Ltd, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310029, China;3.Laboratory of Rural-Urban Construction Land Economical and Intensive Use, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100812, China
Abstract:
[Objective] A calculation of land consolidation supply and demand was conducted based on the public perspective, and in order to provide a scientific basis for improving the content of land consolidation.[Methods] From agricultural development, living and ecological environmental improvements, and leisure culture and tourism, the research constructed a supply and demand index system. This revealed the matching degree of land consolidation supply and demand in Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province.[Results] ① The matching degree of agricultural development in Xiaoshan District was high overall (>0.88); The matching degree of living and ecological environment improvement was all above 0.85, and the matching degree of leisure culture and tourism was lower, the lowest was only 0.83. ② Land consolidation overemphasized the supply of agricultural development, while the supply of living and ecological environment, leisure culture and tourism was relatively insufficient, and the lack of mechanism for public demand expression and public participation, resulted in the inability to meet the demand for land products.[Conclusion] The land consolidation supply and demand matching model based on the public perspective and supply and demand theory, can effectively measure the matching degree quantitatively.
Key words:  land consolidation  supply and demand matching  public perspective  Hangzhou City