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台湾水土保持研究新进展及农村地方创生现状
李锦育
台湾屏东科技大学 水土保持系, 台湾 内埔 91201
摘要:
[目的] 重点总结2010-2019年台湾地区水土保持研究新进展与农村地方创生现状,旨在探讨适合山坡地环境条件的自然工程设计理念和准则,为振兴农村社会经济服务,并为相关研究和相似地区发展提供参考。[方法] 全面梳理10 a多来发表的相关研究文献,将诸多理念加以整理,并根据有关调查结果进行汇总,阐述了新时期台湾生态工程与水土保持科学的主要内容,以及农村再生与地方创生等核心问题的研究进展。[结果] 农村地方创生应以社区成长为核心,坚持软硬件建设并重,并纳入地方政府有关政策共同执行,扩大参与及合作机制。水土保持可为乡村创造良好的生态环境,是农村地方创生的基础工作。推动地方创生的政策,大学生洄游农村计划以及水土保持和生态工程实施是农村地方创生和地区生态安全的重要保障。[结论] 应通过倡导绿色生活方式,提升民众自主防灾意识,构建绿色发展的战略布局,同时通过产业生态化和生态产业化等措施,有力推进农村地方创生事业。
关键词:  生态工程  水土保持  农村再生  地方创生  绿色发展
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.01.045
分类号:S157;F327
基金项目:
New Progress of Soil and Water Conservation Researches and Status of Rural Place Creation in Taiwan
Lee Chinyu
Department of Soil and Water Conservation, Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Neipu, Taiwan 91201, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The new progress of soil and water conservation researches and the current status of rural place creation in Taiwan from 2010 to 2019 were summarized in order to discuss the natural engineering design concepts and guidelines suitable for the environmental conditions of hillsides, to serve the social and economic revitalization of rural areas, and to provide references for related researches and similar area development.[Methods] By comprehensively combing through relevant research literature published mainly in the past 10 years, sorting out many ideas, and summarizing the results according to some relevant surveys, new research content on the core issues of Taiwan's ecological engineering and soil and water conservation science, as well asrural regeneration and place creation progress were reviewed in detail.[Results] Rural place creation should focus on community growth, adhere to both hardware and software construction, and incorporate these projects into local governments' joint implementation strategies to expand participation and cooperation mechanisms. Soil and water conservation can create a good ecological environment for the countryside and is fundamental work in rural place creation. Policies to promote place creation, plan for college students to travel back to the countryside, soil and water conservation, and ecological engineering implementation are important guarantees for rural place creation and regional ecological security.[Conclusion] By advocating green lifestyles, enhancing the public's awareness of autonomous disaster prevention, constructing a strategic layout for green development, advancing industrial ecology and eco-industrialization, and implementing rural regeneration strategies, will effectively promote the rural place creation.
Key words:  ecological engineering  soil and water conservation  rural regeneration  place creation  green development