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基于可持续生计框架的农地整治对农户生计策略的影响研究
伍继强1, 王秀兰1, 熊根林2
1.华中农业大学 公共管理学院, 湖北 武汉 430070;2.湖北晶林恒欣规划设计有限公司, 湖北 武汉 430070
摘要:
[目的] 研究农地整治政策对农户生计策略的影响,为政府国土部门制定完善的农地整治政策提供参考与依据。[方法] 构建农地整治背景下农户的可持续生计框架,并运用统计分析、多元线性回归模型来分析农地整治对农户生计策略的影响。[结果] ①农地整治后农户家庭人力资本没有变化,自然资本和社会资本略有变化,而物质资本和金融资本都有明显提高。②农地整治的实施会在一定程度上会促进农户的生计策略由传统农业向现代农业转变,生产制造业生计活动减少,服务业相关生计活动明显增加。[结论] 农地整治政策的实施会改变农户选择现代农业、生产制造业、服务业的相关生计活动的影响因素;农地整治后,耕地的数量和质量依然是农户选择传统农业生计活动的显著因素。
关键词:  农地整治  可持续生计  农户  生计策略
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.02.039
分类号:F301.2
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目"农地整治项目治理绩效测度及治理绩效提升机制研究"(14BGL218)
Impacts of Farmland Consolidation on Farmers' Livelihood Strategies Based on Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
Wu Jiqiang1, Wang Xiulan1, Xiong Genlin2
1.College of Public Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China;2.Hubei Jinglin Hengxin Planning and Design Co., Ltd., Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The impacts of farmland consolidation policies on farmers' livelihood strategies were studied, in order to provide references and basis for the government land department to formulate a sound farmland management policies.[Methods] A sustainable livelihood framework model was constructed for farmers in the context of farmland improvement, and multiple linear regression model was used to analyze the impact of farmland improvement on farmers' livelihood strategies.[Results] ① There was no change in the human capital of the farmer households after the rural land consolidation, the natural capital and social capital had a slight change, and the physical capital and financial capital showed a significant increase. ② To some extent, the implementation of rural land consolidation would promote the transformation of farmers' livelihood strategies from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture, and the production and manufacturing livelihood activities would be decreased, while the service-related livelihood activities would be increased significantly.[Conclusion] The implementation of farmland consolidation policy will change the influencing factors of farmers' choice of related livelihood activities in modern agriculture, manufacturing and service industries. After farmland consolidation, the quantity and quality of cultivated land are still significant influencing factors for farmers to choose traditional agriculture.
Key words:  farmland consolidation  sustainable livelihood  peasant household  livelihood strategy