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草原天路沿线生态环境对游客踩踏干扰的响应
魏红磊1,2, 贾巨才1,2, 李继峰3, 李陇堂4, 薛晨浩5, 贾贺男1
1.河北北方学院 法政学院, 河北 张家口 075000;2.河北北方学院 生态建设与产业发展研究中心, 河北 张家口 075000;3.河北师范大学 资源与环境科学学院, 河北 石家庄 050024;4.宁夏大学 资源环境学院, 宁夏 银川 750021;5.西北民族大学 管理学院, 甘肃 兰州 730030
摘要:
[目的] 研究沿线生态环境对游客踩踏干扰的响应,为其可持续发展和生态环境保护提供理论依据。[方法] 以河北省张家口市草原天路为例,采用既成事实法在草原天路沿线选取3条样带,分析其植被覆盖度减少率、植被高度降低率、土壤硬度、地表覆盖度响应指数的变化所反映的生态环境对踩踏干扰的响应。[结果] ①游客踩踏干扰范围遵循由游步道边缘向两侧递减的规律,但受自然风光和最佳拍照位置的影响,在山顶环形游憩带表现出不同强度的游客活动,反映在植被高度上差异较明显。②植被覆盖度呈现出由游步道边缘向两侧逐渐递增的关系。③土壤硬度整体上呈现出从游步道边缘向两侧递减的规律。④地表覆盖度响应指数整体上处于中等程度干扰。[结论] 未来草原天路旅游开发要从紧抓机遇创新绿色发展之路,加强管理构建生态文明景区和分流管控完善景区交通系统方面入手,切实做到旅游开发和生态保护协调发展。
关键词:  草原天路  生态环境  踩踏干扰  植被  土壤硬度
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.04.008
分类号:F590.3
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“宁夏沙漠型旅游景区旅游环境容量与预警系统研究”(41261026);国家社会科学基金项目“人地耦合视角下京津冀生态涵养区生态环境适应性评价与社会力量参与治理研究”(19BSH077);河北省高等学校人文社会科学研究项目“首都‘两区’建设背景下冀西北生态旅游视觉景观质量评价与保护机制研究”(SQ201026);张家口市科技局软科学项目“张家口地区旅游资源数量特征分析”(1711062I);河北省创新能力提升计划项目(20557679D)
Response of Ecological Environment Along Grassland Travel Route to Tourists' Trampling Disturbance
Wei Honglei1,2, Jia Jucai1,2, Li Jifeng3, Li Longtang4, Xue Chenhao5, Jia Henan1
1.School of Law and Politics, Hebei North University, Zhangjiakou, Hebei 075000, China;2.Research Center for Ecological Construction and Industrial Development, Hebei North University, Zhangjiakou, Hebei 075000, China;3.College of Resource and Environment Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024, China;4.School of Resources and Environment, Ningxia University, Yinchuan, Ningxia 750021, China;5.School of Administration, Northwest University for Nationalities, Lanzhou, Gansu 730030, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The response of ecological environment to trampling disturbance by tourists was studied in order to provide theoretical support for sustainable tourism development and ecological environment protection. [Methods] Taking grassland travel route in Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province, as an example, three transects were selected along the grassland travel route, and the vegetation cover, vegetation height, soil hardness and surface coverage were analyzed to reflect the response of the ecological environment to the trampling disturbance. [Results] ① The disturbance decreased from the edge of the travel route to both sides. However, due to the natural scenery of scenic spots and the observation deck development, tourists' activities of different intensities were found on the recreational belt around the top of the mountain, which were reflected in the differences in vegetation height. ② The vegetation coverage increased gradually from the edge of the footpath to both sides. ③ The soil hardness decreased from the edge of travel route to both sides. ④ The overall surface coverage was at a moderate level of disturbance. [Conclusion] In the future, the development of tourism in grassland travel route should be strengthened by grasping the opportunity to innovate the road of green development and to construct ecological civilized scenic spots, and divert and control the traffic system to improve the traffic of scenic spots, so as to achieve the coordinated development of tourism development and ecological protection.
Key words:  grassland travel route  ecological environment  trampling disturbance  vegetation  soil hardness