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超强台风背景下日本东京湾海岸线安全防护体系建设
王江波1, 王俊1, 苟爱萍2
1.南京工业大学 建筑学院, 江苏 南京 211816;2.上海应用技术大学 生态技术与工程学院, 上海 201418
摘要:
[目的] 总结日本东京湾海岸线防护的特色和经验,为中国海岸线防护提供科学参考。[方法] 通过文献查阅法对日本东京湾区的台风事件进行梳理,分析其历年来面临的典型台风灾害事件、相关法律和规划的演变过程,以及海岸线的防护措施。[结果] 东京湾海岸线安全防护规划的特色主要分为4个方面,即灾害防护类型的多元性,规划理念的多维度性,防护空间体系的多层次性,防护策略体系的多样性。[结论] 通过制定海岸保护规划,构建多重防护措施,提高灾害监控预警能力,能更好地防护和建设中国海岸线。
关键词:  东京湾  海岸线防护  台风  特色
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.04.044
分类号:X43;P748
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“海陆交互作用下海岸带灾害韧性的时空演化特征与空间治理机制研究:以粤港澳大湾区为例”(51978329),“气候变化影响下城市公共空间景观韧性机理与调适策略研究”(51778364)
Construction of Safety Protection System of Tokyo Bay Coastline of Japan Under Background of Super Typhoon
Wang Jiangbo1, Wang Jun1, Gou Aiping2
1.College of Architecture, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211816, China;2.Ecology School, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai 201418, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The characteristics and experiences of coastline protection in Tokyo Bay of Japan were summarized in order to provide some scientific experiences and measures for coastline protection in China. [Methods] Through the literature review, the paper identified the typhoon events in Tokyo Bay, Japan, and analyzed the typical typhoon disaster events that it has faced over years, the evolution of relevant laws and planning, and the protection measures for the coastline. [Results] The characteristics of the Tokyo Bay coastline safety protection planning are mainly divided into four aspects, namely, the diversity of disaster protection types, the multi-dimensional planning concept, the multi-level spatial protection system, and the diversity of the protection strategy system. [Conclusion] By constructing multiple protective measures and improving disaster monitoring and early warning capabilities, the coastline of China could be better protected and constructed.
Key words:  Tokyo Bay of Japan  coastline protection  typhoon  characteristics