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生态农业在黄土高原生态保护和农业高质量协同发展中的作用及其发展途径
上官周平1, 王飞1, 昝林森2, 赵国平2, 吴普侠2, 苏卓侠1
1.西北农林科技大学 水土保持研究所, 陕西 杨陵 712100;2.陕西省林业科学院, 陕西 西安 710082
摘要:
[目的] 分析生态农业在黄土高原生态保护与农业高质量协同发展中的作用,探索该区域生态农业的发展途径,为该区域的绿色发展与生态文明建设提供科技支撑。[方法] 在大量的实际调研基础上,利用各种形式的文献资料,重点从生态系统视野分析生态农业在黄土高原生态保护与农业高质量发展中的作用。[结果] 21世纪以来,黄土高原生态环境得到了显著改善,但农业综合生产能力低下,土壤质量退化,农业面源污染严重;生态农业市场需求不明确,其发展缺少规模生产条件;生态农业模式虽多,但高效、集约、绿色发展技术体系建设相对滞后。应通过设立生态农业国家重点研发专项,完善基于市场需求的多元化投入机制,建立一批生态农业先行试验示范县,构建多方联动的生态农业培训模式,提升和重构现代生态农业支撑体系。[结论] 生态农业是黄土高原生态保护和农业高质量发展的有效协同途径。未来黄土高原地区要全面强化生态农业建设力度,科学制定生态农业发展路线图,不断提升黄土高原生态文明水平,为加快形成黄土高原生态保护和农业高质量发展格局提供重要支撑。
关键词:  生态农业  生态保护  高质量发展  生态文明  黄土高原
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.04.045
分类号:S181
基金项目:陕西省林业科学院科技创新计划专项“黄河流域生态空间评估及提质增效关键技术研究”(SXLK2020-0101);国家重点研发计划课题“黄土高原生态系统承载力调控途径与提升机制”(2016YFC0501605)
Significances and Developing Ways of Ecological Agriculture in Coordinated Development of Ecological Conservation and High-quality Agriculture on Loess Plateau
Shangguan Zhouping1, Wang Fei1, Zan Linsen2, Zhao Guoping2, Wu Puxia2, Su Zhuoxia1
1.Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China;2.Shaanxi Academy of Forestry, X'ian, Shaanxi 710082, China
Abstract:
[Objective] Significances of ecological agriculture in ecological conservation and high-quality agricultural development on the Loess Plateau were discussed, and the developing ways of ecological agriculture were studied, in order to provide scientific and technological support for green development and ecological civilization construction in this region. [Methods] On the basis of a large number of actual investigations and researches, we used various forms of literature to analyze the role of ecological agriculture in ecological conservation and high-quality agricultural development on the Loess Plateau mainly from the perspective of the ecosystem. [Results] Since the 21st century, the ecological environment on the Loess Plateau has been improved significantly, but there were low comprehensive agricultural productivity capacity, degradation of soil quality, and serious agricultural nonpoint source pollution. The market demand of ecological agriculture was not clear. Meanwhil, the development lacked large-scale production conditions. Although there were many patterns of ecological agriculture, the construction of efficient, intensive and green development technology system were relatively backward. It is necessary to set up a national key research and development project of ecological agriculture, establish diversified investment mechanisms based on market demand, construct a number of pilot demonstration counties of ecological agriculture and build a multi-lateral cooperation ecological agriculture training mode to enhance and reconstruct the support system of modern ecological agriculture. [Conclusion] Ecological agriculture is an effective way to collaborate ecological conservation and high-quality agricultural development on the Loess Plateau. In the future, we should comprehensively strengthen the construction strength of ecological agriculture, formulate a road map for the development of ecological agriculture, and constantly improve the level of ecological civilization of the Loess Plateau, so as to provide important support for accelerating the formation of ecological conservation and high-quality agricultural development pattern on the Loess Plateau.
Key words:  ecological agriculture  ecological protection  high-quality development  ecological civilization  Loess Plateau