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河南省淤地坝安全自动化监测系统设计与应用
马松增1, 徐建昭1, 何明月2, 丁立1
1.河南省水土保持监测总站, 河南 郑州 450008;2.河南省水利勘测有限公司, 河南 郑州 450003
摘要:
[目的] 设计淤地坝安全自动化监测系统,实现淤地坝监测数据的实时传输与预警,提升河南省淤地坝安全管理能力。[方法] 选取5座典型淤地坝作为试点,进行淤地坝安全自动化监测系统的设计、施工、安装和试运行,初步建立了淤地坝安全预报模型。[结果] 监测系统实现了淤地坝雨量、水位、渗压、变形和位移、应力、视频等监测数据的自动化采集和安全隐患预测预警,提升了淤地坝安全监控能力。[结论] 系统运行后有助于增强河南省全省的淤地坝系统安全管理,为黄土高原地区淤地坝汛期安全运行提供一种全新的信息化管理模式。
关键词:  淤地坝  安全  自动化  预警  监测
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.05.017
分类号:TV93;S157
基金项目:河南省水利科技攻关项目“河南省水土保持信息化建设项目”(GG201928)
Design and Application of Automatic Safety Monitoring System for Soil-saving Dams in He'nan Province
Ma Songzeng1, Xu Jianzhao1, He Mingyue2, Ding Li1
1.He'nan Province Soil and Water Conservation Monitoring Centre, Zhengzhou, He'nan 450008, China;2.He'nan Water Conservancy Survey Co. Ltd, Zhengzhou, He'nan 450003, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The automatic monitoring system of soil-saving dam was designed to realize the real-time transmission and early warning of monitoring data, and improve the safety management ability for soil-saving dams.[Methods] Five typical dams were selected as the pilot for the design, construction, installation and trial operation of the automatic safety monitoring system of soil-saving dams. A safety prediction model for soil-saving dam was established.[Results] The system realized the automatic collection of monitoring data for rainfall, water level, seepage pressure, deformation, displacement, stress, and video of soil-saving dam, realized the prediction and early warning of potential safety hazards, and improved the safety monitoring ability of soil-saving dam.[Conclusion] The operation of the system is helpful to enhance the safety management of the warping dam system in the whole He'nan Province, and to provide a new information management mode for the soil-saving dam safety operation in the Loess Plateau in flood season.
Key words:  soil-saving dam  safety  automated  early warning  monitoring