引用本文:
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 33次   下载 25 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
山水林(草)田湖人生命共同体健康评价及治理对策——以长江三峡水库重庆库区为例
苏维词1,2, 杨吉1,3
1.重庆师范大学 地理与旅游学院, 重庆 沙坪坝 401331;2.贵州省山地资源研究所, 贵州 贵阳 550001;3.成都市高新区公园城市建设局, 四川 成都 610000
摘要:
[目的] 研究库区山水林(草)田湖人生命共同体的健康状况,分析各自然子系统之间及其与人类活动的相互作用和相互影响,为生态保护与绿色发展,生态文明建设及构建和谐库区提供参考依据。[方法] 以长江三峡水库重庆库区(以下简称“重庆库区”)21个区县为例,构建生命共同体健康评价指标体系;运用3S等技术获取相关地理基础数据,结合社会经济统计资料,通过系统聚类分析,对重庆库区山水林(草)田湖人生命共同体的健康状况进行评价和分级。[结果] ①重庆库区山水林(草)田湖人生命共同体整体处于亚健康状态;②重庆库区山子系统的特征体现了其本底的脆弱性、不稳定性和低承载力;③重庆库区人子系统中,县域经济社会发展相对滞后,人的生活生产发展与生态保护矛盾突出;④重庆库区林(草)子系统结构及其生态服务功能有待提升优化。[结论] 未来一段时期内,山水林(草)田湖人系统修复治理工作要聚焦林(草)、田、湖与人子系统,进一步加强基础研究和应用技术研究,以便更科学地实现山水林(草)田湖人生命共同体系统的统筹共治、健康管理与持续经营。
关键词:  山水林(草)田湖人生命共同体  健康评价  系统聚类分析  治理对策  长江三峡水库  重庆库区
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.05.031
分类号:X32
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学规划项目“三峡库区城乡融合发展的多维测度及优化路径研究”(20YJAZH093);贵州省科技支撑项目“两湖一库流域山水林田湖生命共同体健康评价及调控技术途径研究”(黔科合支撑S[2020]4Y008号);国家十三五重点研发计划(2016YFC04007008)
Health Assessment and Countermeasures on Mountains-Rivers-Forests (Grasslands)-Farmlands-Lakes-Human Life Communities -A Case Study at Chongqing Area of Three Gorges Reservoir of Yangtze River
Su Weici1,2, Yang Ji1,3
1.School of Geography and Tourism, Chongqing Normal University, Shapingba, Chongqing 401331, China;2.Guizhou Mountain Resources Institute, Guiyang, Guizhou 550001, China;3.Park City Construction Bureau of Chengdu Hitech Zone, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The health status and existing problems of the mountains-rivers-forests (grasslands)-farmlands-lakes-human life communities at Chongqing area in the Three Gorges reservoir (hereinafter called Chongqing reservoir area) were studied, and the interactions between the subsystems and humans was discussed in order to provide a reference for the ecological protection, green development, ecological civilization construction, and harmonious development of the reservoir area.[Methods] Twenty one counties (districts) of Chongqing City in the Three Gorges reservoir of the Yangtze River(abbreviated as “Chongqing reservior area”) were used as examples. For these, we constructed the health evaluation index system of life community from the perspective of mountains-rivers-forests (grasslands)-farmlands-lakes-human, and evaluated the health status of the communities. These were divided into four health types with the clustering analysis method based on the relevant geographic data using 3S technology and socioeconomic statistical data.[Results] ① As a whole, the ecological system for the mountains-rivers-forests (grasslands)-farmlands-lakes-human life community in Chongqing reservoir area was classified in the sub-health group. ② The features of the “mountain” subsystem reflected the vulnerability, instability, and low carrying capacity of the ecological environment in the Chongqing reservoir area. ③ The “human” subsystem showed that the development of the county's economy and society was lagging behind and there was an obvious conflict between socioeconomic development and ecological protection. ④ The structure and function of the “forest and grassland” subsystem need upgrading and optimizing.[Conclusion] In the future, the restoration and management of the lakeside systems of mountain forests (grasslands) should be focused on the forest (grassland), field, lake, and human subsystems, along with further strengthening of the basic and applied technological research in the area, in order to achieve more scientifically integrated governance, health management, and sustainable management for the mountains-rivers-forests (grasslands)-farmlands-lakes-human community system.
Key words:  the mountains-rivers-forests (grasslands)-farmlands-lakes-human life community  health assessment  clustering analysis method  corresponding countermeasures  the Three Gorges reservoir of the Yangtze River  Chongqing reservoir area