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黄土丘陵区淤地坝系田园综合体的构建模式
朱芷1, 周波1,2, 张富1, 李泽霞3
1.甘肃农业大学 林学院, 甘肃 兰州 730070;2.甘肃省水利科学研究院, 甘肃 兰州 730030;3.甘肃省水土保持科学研究所, 甘肃 兰州 730020
摘要:
[目的] 探讨黄土丘陵区淤地坝系田园综合体的构建模式,为该区淤地坝系建设和利用提供科学支撑。[方法] 利用文献研究田园综合体的建设模式与条件,开展实例调查并分析黄土丘陵沟壑区淤地坝建设现状、运行及利用过程中存在的问题。[结果] 甘肃省已初步形成坝系建设管理体系。在运行过程中,存在病险隐患、坝地盐碱化治理不到位、水土资源利用不足等问题;以黄土丘陵区榆林沟淤地坝系为例,提出了应构建优势农业主导模式的田园综合体以及围绕现代农业、休闲旅游、田园社区营造淤地坝系田园综合体的建设思路。[结论] 构建淤地坝系田园综合体是对田园综合体发展与淤地坝系利用形式的探索与创新,有利于加强黄河流域生态保护,推动高质量发展,加快推进乡村振兴战略。
关键词:  黄土丘陵区  淤地坝系  田园综合体  构建模式
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2021.04.021
分类号:S157.1;X171.1
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目“黄土丘陵沟壑区坝系安全运行与资源高效利用技术”(2017YFC0504704);甘肃省水利科研技术推广项目(甘水科外发[2018]70;[2019]8;[2020]46);甘肃省水利科学试验研究及技术推广计划项目(甘水建管发[2020]46-11);甘肃省水利科技项目(甘水建管发[2021]71号)
Construction Mode of Pastoral Complex at Check Dam System in Loess Hilly Region
Zhu Zhi1, Zhou Bo1,2, Zhang Fu1, Li Zexia3
1.College of Forestry, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070, China;2.Gansu Water Conservancy Research Institute, Lanzhou, Gansu 730030, China;3.Soil and Water Conservation Institute of Gansu, Lanzhou, Gansu 730020, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The construction model of the pastoral complex at check dam system in the loess hilly area was studied, in order to provide scientific support for the construction and utilization of the silt dam system in this area. [Methods] The construction mode and conditions of pastoral complex were studied through literature review, and the current situation, operation and utilization problems of check dams in loess hilly region were investigated. [Results] The management and constructing system of check dam system has been formed initially in Gansu Province. In the process of operation, there were problems such as hidden danger of dam failure, inadequate treatment of salinization soil, and insufficient utilization of water and soil. Taking Yulingou check dam system as an example, this study proposed suggestions of constructing the pastoral complex of dominant agricultural mode and building check dam pastoral complex with the consideration of modern agriculture, leisure tourism, pastoral community. [Conclusion] The construction of the check dam system pastorale complex is an exploration and innovation, it plays an important role in strengthening the ecological protection of the Yellow River basin, promoting high-quality development, and accelerating the strategy of rural revitalization.
Key words:  loess hilly region  check dam system  pastorale complex  construction mode