引用本文:
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 145次   下载 70 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
黄河三角洲高效生态经济区2005-2019年生态足迹演变特征及其影响因素
韩琭, 杨勇
山东财经大学 公共管理学院, 山东 济南 250014
摘要:
[目的] 统计分析黄河三角洲高效生态经济区的生态足迹与各类型土地利用状况,为该区的高质量发展提供对策建议。[方法] 以黄河三角洲高效生态经济区19县市区为研究对象,采用生态足迹模型和因子探测器对黄河三角洲高效生态经济区2005—2019年生态足迹时空演变和影响因素进行定量分析。[结果] ①研究区生态足迹自2010—2019年呈现较快上升态势,生态承载力缓慢提升,赤字有所扩大。②黄河三角洲高效生态经济区生态足迹空间分布差异明显。区域发展阶段可分为平稳期、上升期和转型期,其中中部和西北部生态足迹明显高于东部和西南部。③各影响力存在明显差异,其中耕地生产和工业化发展对黄河三角洲区域生态足迹影响最强,其余因素影响程度依次为:人口密度 > 道路密度 > 城镇化率 > 水产养殖。[结论] ①黄河三角洲高效生态经济区人均生态足迹整体变化趋势稳定,耕地与化石能源用地足迹占区域生态足迹较大比重;②区域生态足迹呈现由东部向中西部递增趋势,且高值区多集中于内陆地区和黄河沿线城市;③农业生产和工业生产为黄河三角洲高效生态经济区核心发展要素,水域开发利用对区域生态环境保护具有促进作用,应从耕地保护、产业链升级、数字赋能、生态修复方面寻找对策。
关键词:  黄河三角洲高效生态经济区  生态足迹  演变特征  高质量发展
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2021.04.038
分类号:X22;X321
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“雾霾灾害的政府、企业、公众合作治理机制研究”(18BJY087)
Characteristics of Ecological Footprint Evolution and Its influencing Factors in High Efficiency Eco-economic Zone of Yellow River Delta During 2005-2019
Han Lu, Yang Yong
School of Public Administration and Policy, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan, Shandong 250014, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The ecological footprint and various types of land use was analyzed, in order to provide countermeasures and suggestions for the high-quality development of high efficiency eco-economic zone of Yellow River delta. [Methods] Taking 19 cities in the high efficiency eco-economic zone of Yellow River delta as the research objects, the ecological footprint model and factor detector were used to quantitatively analyze the spatio-temporal evolution and influencing factors of the ecological footprint in the high efficiency eco-economic zone of Yellow River delta from 2005 to 2019. [Results] ① The ecological footprint increased rapidly from 2010 to 2019, the ecological carrying capacity increased slowly, and the deficit expanded. ② The spatial distribution of ecological footprint in the high efficiency eco-economic zone of Yellow River delta was obviously different. The regional development could be divided into stable period, rising period and transition period. The ecological footprint in the middle and northwest was significantly higher than that in the east and southwest; ③ There were significant differences in the influencing factors, among which, cultivated land production and industrial development had the strongest influence on the ecological footprint of the high efficiency eco-economic zone of Yellow River delta, and the influence degree of other factors was in the order of population density > road density > urbanization rate > aquaculture. [Conclusion] ① The overall trend of per capita ecological footprint in the high efficiency eco-economic zone of Yellow River delta is stable, and the footprint of farmland and fossil energy land account for a large proportion of the regional ecological footprint. ② The regional ecological footprint increased from the east to the central and western regions, and the high value areas are mainly concentrated in the inland areas and the cities along the Yellow River. ③ Agricultural production and industrial production are the core development factors in the high efficiency eco-economic zone of Yellow River delta. Water development and utilization can promote regional ecological environment protection. Therefore, measures and stuafegies should be put forward from the viewpoints, such as farmland protection, industrial chain upgrading, digital empowerment and ecological restoration.
Key words:  high efficiency eco-economic zone of Yellow River Delta  ecological footprint  evolution characteristics  high quality development