The north slope of Dabie Mountain is located in a climatic transitional zone, at which semi-tropical conditions give way to temperate conditions. The area is a fragile and sensitive ecotone, which is characterized by weak feedback relationships that tend toward instability. There is considerable soil and water loss in the area. Soil and water conservation and ecological restoration may contribute to the functioning of irrigation works at Pi-Shi-Hang, prevent flooding of the Huai River and reduce the pollution of Chao Lake. Implementing ecological restoration is an optimal approach to restore water and soil quality in degraded areas. It is proposed that the program of ecological restoration of the north slope of Dabie Mountain include: ecological reconstruction involving land use change from tillage to woodland; integrated land and water use across the small watershed; efforts to encourage collective attention and action; construction of a small power station; and an aim to make conservation facilitate development and vice versa, so that the nature, the economy and society are managed harmoniously.