河南省沿黄干流地区社会—生态—生产景观恢复力演化特征及情景模拟
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国家自然科学基金青年项目“生态系统服务供需耦合关系研究”(41901259)


Evolution Characteristics and Scenario Simulation of Social-Ecological-Productional Landscape Resilience in Areas Along Mainstream of Yellow River in He'nan Province
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    [目的] 定量研究河南省沿黄干流地区2000—2018年社会—生态—生产景观恢复力的演化特征,指导沿黄地市社会生活,生态资源环境与农业生产活动的协调发展。[方法] 通过构建SEPLR (social-ecological-production landscape resilience,社会—生态—生产景观恢复力)评估框架,运用有序加权平均法设置情景偏好,绘制不同政策引导下恢复力预测图。[结果] ①从总体特征看,2000—2018年河南省沿黄干流地区SEPLR值为0.47~0.52之间,呈上升趋势,城市间空间差异逐渐增大,指数相似地区集中分布。②演化特征上,社会系统恢复力和生态系统恢复力缓慢增强,分别在0.14~0.65,0.08~0.30波动,生产系统恢复力变化微弱,在0.12~0.31波动;空间上,SEPLR及各子系统整体呈“中部强两边弱”的分布态势,层级结构具有集聚性。[结论] 河南省沿黄地市在“维持现状型”“生态优先型”“开发优先型”“农业优先型”4种政策情景下,“生态优先型”恢复力最高,未来黄河流域高质量发展应考虑“生态优先型”政策引导。

    Abstract:

    [Objective] The evolution characteristics of social-ecological-production landscape resilience in areas along the mainstream of the Yellow River in He'nan Province from 2000 to 2018 was quantitatively determined in order to guide the coordinated development of social life, ecological resources, the environment, and agricultural production activities in this region.[Methods] We constructed the social-ecological-productional landscape resilience (SEPLR) assessment framework to quantitatively study the evolution characteristics of the social-ecological-productional landscape resilience in He'nan Province along the mainstream of the Yellow River from 2000 to 2018. An ordered weighted average method was used to set up scenario preferences and to draw a map of resilience prediction under the guidance of various policies.[Results] ① Based on the overall characteristics, the SEPLR value of the areas along the mainstream of the Yellow River in He'nan Province from 2000 to 2018 varied from 0.47 to 0.52, presenting an upward trend. The spatial differences between cities kept expanding gradually. ② From the perspective of evolution characteristics, social system resilience and ecosystem resilience increased slowly, fluctuating between 0.14~0.65 and 0.08~0.30, respectively, and the production system resilience slightly fluctuated between 0.12~0.31. In terms of space, SEPLR and its subsystems overall presented a distribution pattern of "being strong in the center and weak on both sides", and the hierarchical structure was concentrated.[Conclusion] For cities along the Yellow River in He'nan Province, the resilience of "ecology first" was the highest of the four policy scenarios of "maintaining the status quo" "ecology first" "development first" and "agriculture first". In the future, the high-quality development of the Yellow River basin should be guided by the"ecology-first" policy.

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耿艺伟,陈伟强,张金鑫,王珂,张锋,马月红.河南省沿黄干流地区社会—生态—生产景观恢复力演化特征及情景模拟[J].水土保持通报,2021,41(5):181-190

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  • 收稿日期:2021-04-01
  • 最后修改日期:2021-05-26
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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-10-25