自然解决方案背景下的辽宁省森林生态系统服务主导功能评估
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中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项“天然林保护工程生态效益监测评估及示范”(CAFYBB2020ZD002-2);国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0503804);中国森林资源核算及林业绿色发展研究项目(2019131046)


Evaluation on Leading Functions of Forest Ecosystem Services in Liaoning Province Based on Nature-based Solutions
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    [目的] 对辽宁省森林生态系统的主导服务功能进行评估,并分析其作为基于自然的解决方案的意义和可行性,为探索符合中国国情的基于自然的解决方案(NbS)提供理论依据。[方法] 基于辽宁省2017年森林资源2类调查数据,根据中华人民共和国国家标准《森林生态系统服务功能评估规范》(GB/T38582-2020),应用分布式测算方法,对辽宁省森林生态系统绿色水库、绿色碳库、净化环境氧吧库和生物多样性基因库4项主导服务功能进行评估,并探讨其对于解决社会挑战的贡献。[结果] 全省4大主导功能价值量分别为:1.71×1011,8.24×1010,3.40×1010,9.69×1010元/a。森林生态系统服务功能整体上呈现:辽东山区>辽西北地区>辽中南平原沿海地区的分布格局,丹东市、抚顺市和本溪市各项服务功能较高,沈阳市、锦州市和盘锦市各项服务功能较低。[结论] 在全球变化和实现可持续发展目标时间越来越紧迫的背景下,基于自然的解决方案的内涵与生态系统服务对人类福祉的贡献不谋而合。森林生态系统各项服务功能的充分发挥有助于解决气候变化、生物多样性丧失、环境退化等问题。

    Abstract:

    [Objective] The leading functions of forest ecosystem services in Liaoning Province were evaluated, and their significance and feasibility as a nature-based solutions were analyzede in order to provide a theoretical basis for exploring nature-based solutions (NbS) suitable to conditions in China.[Methods] Based on the second-category survey data of forest resources in Liaoning Province in 2017, in accordance with the National Standard of the People's Republic of China "Specifications for assessment of forest ecosystem services" (GB/T38582-2020), the distributed measurement method was used to assess and evaluate the four leading service functions (i.e., green reservoir, green carbon pool, environmental oxygen bar pool, and biodiversity gene pool), and their contributions to solving social challenges were discussed.[Results] The monetary values of the four leading functions of the province were 1.71×1011,8.24×1010,3.40×1010,and 9.69×1010 yuan/year, respectively. The distribution pattern of the services was mountainous areas in Eastern Liaoning>Northwestern Liaoning>coastal areas of central and Southern Liaoning. Dandong, Fushun, and Benxi had higher service functions, and Shenyang, Jinzhou, and Panjin cities had lower service functions.[Conclusion] In the context of global climate change and the increasingly urgent time to achieve the sustainable development goals, the connotation of NbS coincides with the contribution of ecosystem services to human well-being. The full use of various ecosystem services provided by forests can help solve problems related to climate change, biodiversity loss, and environmental degradation.

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许庭毓,牛香,王兵,宋庆丰.自然解决方案背景下的辽宁省森林生态系统服务主导功能评估[J].水土保持通报,2021,41(5):191-197

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  • 收稿日期:2021-04-06
  • 最后修改日期:2021-05-24
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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-10-25