文章摘要
张家其,杨贺菲,朱烜伯,李强,何清华,杨静芝.湘西重点生态功能区贫困县扶贫绩效评价[J].水土保持通报,2019,(1):197~202,211
湘西重点生态功能区贫困县扶贫绩效评价
Evaluation of Poverty-Alleviation Achievements in Poverty-stricken Counties of Key Ecological Functional Areas in Western Hu'nan Province
投稿时间:2018-07-12  修订日期:2018-08-02
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2019.01.032
中文关键词: 三生共赢  扶贫绩效  贫困县  重点生态功能区
英文关键词: win-win situation of living, production and ecology  poverty alleviation performance  poverty-stricken counties  key ecological functional areas
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年资助项目"重点生态功能区贫困县扶贫开发成效及响应机制研究:以湘西州为例"(17YJC630211);湖南省社科资助项目"扶贫开发对湘西农村贫困地区人居环境影响效应及作用机理研究"(16YBX004);湖南省教育厅科学研究优秀青年项目(项目编号16B038);湖南省社科规划办项目(13YBB032)
作者单位E-mail
张家其 衡阳师范学院 城市与旅游学院, 湖南 衡阳 421002  
杨贺菲 长江水利委员会长江科学院, 湖北 武汉 430010  
朱烜伯 华中师范大学 城市与环境科学学院, 湖北 武汉 430079 51658904@qq.com 
李强 衡阳师范学院 城市与旅游学院, 湖南 衡阳 421002  
何清华 衡阳师范学院 城市与旅游学院, 湖南 衡阳 421002  
杨静芝 衡阳师范学院 城市与旅游学院, 湖南 衡阳 421002  
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中文摘要:
      [目的]探讨湖南省湘西土家族苗族自治州在扶贫开发过程中能否协调生态保护、生产发展和生活改善三者关系,以期实现扶贫资源的集中整合,寻求重点生态功能区贫困县扶贫开发的适宜模式。[方法]基于精准扶贫战略,结合三生共赢理论构建扶贫绩效评价指标体系,采用主客观赋权法确定指标权重,进而计算2010-2016年研究区生产、生活、生态指数及扶贫综合成效指数。[结果]①湘西州各县扶贫绩效不断提高,6 a间扶贫成效综合指数增长2~4倍,尤其是在精准扶贫战略实行后,扶贫成效显著;②贫困区生产指数平均增长5.8倍,提高最快,但研究区不能偏重生产发展而忽略生活、生态方面的改善;③重点生态功能区贫困县的扶贫开发需要考虑区域特色,协调好生产、生活、生态三者关系,以此实现可持续发展。[结论]湘西重点生态功能区贫困县的首要任务是摆脱贫困,但在发展经济的同时,保护生态环境与改善生活条件同等重要。
英文摘要:
      [Objective] To explore whether the relationship among ecological protection, production development and life improvement can be coordinated in the process of poverty alleviation and development in Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture in Hu'nan Province, in order to realize the centralized integration of poverty alleviation resources and seek the appropriate model for poverty alleviation and development in poverty-stricken counties in key ecological functional areas. [Methods] Based on the precise poverty alleviation strategy in combination with the living, production and ecology win-win theory, the poverty alleviation evaluation index system was built, and the weight of the index was determined by objective and subjective weighting method. Then the production, living and ecology index and comprehensive poverty alleviation performance index of the research area from 2010 to 2016 was calculated. [Results] ① The poverty alleviation performance in West Hu'nan Province had been improved, and the comprehensive index of poverty alleviation performance had increased by 2~4 times in the past six years, especially after the implementation of the precise poverty alleviation strategy. ② The production index in poverty-stricken areas had increased by 5.8 times on average, which was the fastest, but the research area should not focus on production development while neglect the improvement of living and ecology. ③ Poverty alleviation and development in poverty-stricken counties in key ecological functional areas should consider regional characteristics and coordinate the relations among production, living and ecology so as to achieve sustainable development. [Conclusion] The primary task of poverty-stricken counties in the key ecological functional areas of West Hu'nan Province is to get rid of poverty, but the protection of ecological environment and the improvement of living conditions are equally important, beyond economic development.
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