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水土流失地区精准扶贫政策对农户幸福指数的影响
王睿1,2, 洪菊花1,3, 骆华松1,3
1.云南师范大学 旅游与地理科学学院, 云南 昆明 650500;2.西华师范大学 国土资源学院, 四川 南充 637009;3.中国西南地缘环境与边疆发展协同创新中心, 云南 昆明 650500
摘要:
[目的] 研究水土流失地区精准扶贫政策对农户幸福指数的影响,为贫困地区可持续发展提供科学参考。[方法] 通过构建农户幸福指数评价指标体系,采取熵值法与加权求和模型对精准扶贫政策影响下的云南省双柏县农户幸福指数进行评价。[结果] 在农户幸福指数评价指标的权重中,排在前3位的分别是人均可支配收入、婚姻满意度、生态环境满意度评价指标;双柏县大多数农户对精准扶贫工作认同度较高,总体满意度平均值为67.55分,但是各乡镇农户对政策感知差异较大。收入增减满意度、政策后果满意度、政策宣传满意度是影响双柏县农户对精准扶贫政策总体满意度的关键因素;双柏县农户幸福指数的平均值为65.64分,各乡镇农户幸福指数差异较小,基本维持在59~71分之间。[结论] 未来双柏县应以提升农户幸福感和减缓贫困为关键点和突破点,通过精准扶贫政策实现水土流失地区可持续发展。
关键词:  精准扶贫  幸福指数  满意度  水土流失地区
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.02.038
分类号:F323.8
基金项目:四川省社会科学重点研究基地:四川循环经济研究中心2019年度项目"典型生态脆弱区贫困与生态环境耦合机制及调控管理研究"(XXJJ-1910);西华师范大学科研启动项目"生态政策对四川省阿坝州牧户经济结构和幸福指数的影响研究"(17E039)
Impacts of Targeted Poverty Alleviation Policy on Happiness Index of Farmers in Soil Erosion Areas
Wang Rui1,2, Hong Juhua1,3, Luo Huasong1,3
1.School of Tourism and Geographical Science, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming, Yunnan 650500, China;2.College of Land and Resources, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan 637009, China;3.Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Border Land Development, Kunming, Yunnan 650500, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The impacts of targeted poverty alleviation policies on the happiness index of farmers in soil erosion areas were studied, in order to provide a scientific reference for sustainable development in poverty area.[Methods] The assessment index system of farmers' happiness index at Shuangbai County of Yunan Province was established, and entropy method and weighted summation model were used to evaluate the farmers' happiness index under the influence of targeted poverty alleviation policies.[Results] Per capita disposable income, marriage satisfaction and ecological environment satisfaction were the top there among the farmers' happiness index evaluation indicators. Most of farmers had a higher degree of recognition for targeted poverty alleviation, with an average satisfaction of 67.55 points. However, there were significant differences in the perception of policy among farmers. The satisfaction of income increase and decrease, policy consequence, and policy promotion were the key factors affecting the overall satisfaction of farmers in Shuangbai County with regard to targeted poverty alleviation policies. The average happiness index of farmers in Shuangbai County was 65.64 points, and the difference in happiness index of farmers in each township was relatively small, which maintained between 59~71 points.[Conclusion] In the future, farmers' happiness improvement and poverty alleviation should be regarded as the key breakthrough point in Shuangbai County, and targeted poverty alleviation policies would promote sustainable development in poverty area.
Key words:  targeted poverty alleviation  happiness index  satisfaction  soil erasion areas