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江西省赣州市废弃矿山土地复垦的公众参与意愿
吴泽斌, 朱迪
江西理工大学 经济管理学院, 江西 赣州 341000
摘要:
[目的] 研究废弃矿山土地复垦的公众参与意愿,旨在了解公众对废弃矿山土地复垦的态度和探寻公众参与废弃矿山土地复垦的路径选择。[方法] 以江西省赣州市5个主要废弃矿区的872份调研问卷为研究样本,基于公众个体行为视角,从公众需求、行为态度、主观规范、知觉行为控制4个层面划分废弃矿山土地复垦公众参与意愿的影响因素,运用结构方程模型,研究其影响程度及其间的影响差异。[结果] ①公众需求、行为态度、主观规范、知觉行为控制对公众参与废弃矿山土地复垦意愿的影响系数分别为0.86,0.56,0.34,-0.62,公众需求是影响公众参与废弃矿山土地复垦意愿的最主要因素;②公众需求、行为态度和主观规范对公众参与废弃矿山土地复垦意愿表现出显著正效应,知觉行为控制对公众参与废弃矿山土地复垦意愿表现出负效应;③在废弃矿山土地复垦公众参与意愿的影响因素中,公众需求与行为态度、知觉行为控制之间存在显著相关。④废弃矿山土地复垦公众参与潜变量的各个可测变量对其潜变量的影响程度差异较大。[结论] 废弃矿山土地复垦公众参与应在公众自身需求得到解决,自身权利得到保障、公平公正得到维护的基础上编制复垦方案与组织项目实施。
关键词:  公众参与意愿  土地复垦  废弃矿区
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.03.019
分类号:TD88;F301
基金项目:国家社科基金西部项目“家庭发展导向视野下的农户宅基地退出路径选择”(16XJY008);2019年江西省研究生创新创业基金项目“赣南废弃矿山土地复垦公众参与有效性驱动因素与实现路径”(YC2019-S299)
Willingness of Public Participation in Land Reclamation of Abandoned Mines in Ganzhou City, Jiangxi Province
Wu Zebin, Zhu Di
School of Economics and Management, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, Jiangxi 341000, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The willingness of the public to participate in the land reclamation of abandoned mines was studied to understand the attitude of the public towards the reclamation of abandoned mine land and to explore the path of public participation in the reclamation of such lands.[Methods] From the perspective of individual behavior, 872 survey questionnaires from five main abandoned mining areas in Ganzhou City, Jiangxi Province, were taken as the study area. Four factors related to the willingness of the public to participate in the land reclamation of abandoned mines were investigated:public demand, behavior attitude, subjective norm, and perceptual behavior control.[Results] ① The coefficients of public demand, behavior attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavior control for public participation in the land reclamation of abandoned mines were 0.86, 0.56, 0.34, and -0.62, respectively. Public demand was the most important factor that affected the willingness of the public to participate in the land reclamation of abandoned mines. ② Public demand, behavior attitude, and subjective regulation had a significant positive effect on the willingness of the public to participate in the land reclamation of abandoned mines, whereas the perceptual behavior control had a negative effect on it. ③ Among the factors influencing the willingness of the public to participate, there were significant correlations between public demand, behavior attitude, and perceptual behavior control. ④ The influence degrees of each measurable variable of public participation on the latent variable of abandoned mine land reclamation were quite different.[Conclusion] Public participation in the reclamation of abandoned mine land should be based on a solution of the public's own needs, the protection of rights, and the maintenance of fairness and justice.
Key words:  willingness of public participation  land reclamation  abandoned mine