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生态清洁小流域建设背景下农民环境风险意识与避险行为研究——以陕西省关中地区小湋河小流域垃圾焚烧发电项目为例
张红1, 王宝宜1, 赵天予2
1.西北农林科技大学 人文社会发展学院, 陕西 杨凌 712100;2.东北林业大学 文法学院, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150000
摘要:
[目的] 在生态清洁小流域建设背景下,探讨农民的环境风险意识与环境避险行为的相关性,为乡村振兴战略的顺利实施提供科学依据。[方法] 以关中地区渭河三级支流小湋河小流域的垃圾焚烧发电项目为例,通过理论分析和到附近村落进行实地问卷调查,探讨在该项目建设论证中农民的环境风险意识和避险行为之间的逻辑关系是否还存在更深层的原因,或具有更复杂化的形态。[结果] 结合调查资料与统计分析,发现小湋河小流域农民的环境风险认知过程呈现环境风险感知→环境风险意识→环境避险行为的演进样态。在此基础上构建环境风险意识与行为关系的理论模型。研究小流域农民环境风险意识和避险行为之间存在4组关系:有意识有行为、有意识无行为、无意识有行为、无意识无行为。[结论] 意识与行为关系的理论模型在本研究实践检验中成立,农民的4类环境风险意识与相应的避险行为之间具有相关性。
关键词:  生态清洁小流域  垃圾焚烧发电  环境风险感知  环境风险意识  环境避险行为  乡村振兴  小湋河小流域  陕西省关中地区
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.04.038
分类号:X171.1
基金项目:中华人民共和国农业农村部“欧盟农民教育培训政策与模式研究”(13200364);2020年西北农林科技大学基本科研业务费人文社科重点培育项目“城市生活垃圾分类的社区治理研究”(2452020062)
Farmers' Environmental Risk Awareness and Risk Avoidance Behavior Under Background of Ecologically Clean Small Watershed Construction -A Case Study on Waste Incineration Power Generation Project at Xiaoweihe Small Watershed in Guanzhong Area of Shaanxi Province
Zhang Hong1, Wang Baoyi1, Zhao Tianyu2
1.College of Humanities&Social Development, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China;2.College of Humanities and Law, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, Heihongjiang 150000, China
Abstract:
[Objective] Under the background of ecologically clean small watershed construction, the correlations between the environmental risk awareness and environmental risk avoidance behavior of farmers were discussed, so as to provide scientific support for the smooth implementation of rural revitalization strategy. [Methods] Taking a waste incineration power generation project at Xiaoweihe small watershed in Guanzhong area as an example, the paper try to explore whether there were some underly causes in logical relationships between farmers' environmental risk awareness and avoidance behavior or more complicated situations through questionnaire and specific interviews with famers nearby the project area.[Results] According to the collected data and statistical analysis, the farmer's environmental cognition evolves as the environmental risk perception→risk awareness→risk avoidance behavior. Based on this evolution, the theoretical model of relationship between consciousness and behavior on environmental risk was constructed. With this model, four groups of relationships between environmental risk awareness and risk avoidance behavior of small watershed farmers are identified: conscious action, conscious inaction, unconscious action, unconscious inaction. [Conclusion] The theoretical model of relationship between consciousness and behavior is established in practice. There is a correlation between four kinds of environmental risk consciousness and corresponding risk avoidance behavior of famers.
Key words:  ecological clean small watershed  waste incineration power generation  environmental risk perception  environmental risk avoidance behavior  rural revitalization  Xiaoweihe small watershed  Guanzhong area of Shaanxi Province