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太原城市群三生空间时空演变特征及功能
刘海龙1,2, 王跃飞1, 谢亚林1, 呼旭红1, 刘美彤1, 李曼1,2
1.山西师范大学 地理科学学院, 山西 临汾 041000;2.山西师范大学 人文地理研究所, 山西 临汾 041000
摘要:
[目的] 研究太原城市群三生空间时空演变和功能测度,为研究区生态文明建设的政策制定提供科学依据。[方法] 基于太原城市群2000,2005,2010,2018年的4期土地利用类型数据及经济数据,运用三生空间功能测度模型和空间异质性评价方法,采用ArcGIS 10.4.1将土地利用类型按其功能重分类。[结果] ①太原城市群生产空间主要位于东南部太原盆地粮食主产区,由东南部向四周辐射扩张,2018年功能性较强的县市有清徐县(2.09)、小店区(1.96)。②研究区生活空间主要集中在东部太原市主城区,并不断向南扩张,呈现总体分散而区域集中的趋势,2018年功能性较强的县市有小店区(1.89)、迎泽区(1.81)、尖草坪区(1.78)等。③研究区生态空间呈现西北高、东南低的格局,2018年功能性较强的县市有交城县(4.34)等,主要集中于吕梁山区生态保护区和采煤植被恢复区。[结论] 太原城市群三生空间时空格局和功能测度基本一致,遵循大都市区核心—边缘发展模式,并与土地潜力分布基本相符。
关键词:  三生空间  功能测度  生态文明  太原城市群
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2020.05.044
分类号:K902
基金项目:山西省哲学社会科学规划项目“省际边界区域产业空间联系及组合模式研究:以晋陕豫黄河金三角地区为例”(晋规办字[2017]2号);国家自然科学基金青年项目(41701062)
Characteristics and Functions of Spatiotemporal Evolution of Production- living-ecological Space in Taiyuan Urban Agglomeration Region
Liu Hailong1,2, Wang Yuefei1, Xie Yalin1, Hu Xuhong1, Liu Meitong1, Li Man1,2
1.School of Geography and Environmental Science, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen, Shanxi 041000, Chhina;2.Institute of Human Geography, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen, Shanxi 041000, Chhina
Abstract:
[Objective] The spatiotemporal evolution and function measurement of the production-living-ecological space of Taiyuan urban agglomeration region were studied to provide a scientific basis for the policy formulation of the ecological civilization construction in the research area.[Methods] Based on land-use type data and economic data of Taiyuan urban agglomeration region for 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2018, ArcGIS 10.4.1 was adopted to reclassify land-use types with respect to their functions. This was coupled with the production-living-ecological space function-measurement model and spatial heterogeneity evaluation method.[Results] ① The grain production area located in the southeast part of Taiyuan basin was the main production space of Taiyuan urban agglomeration region, which radiated and expanded from the southeast towards the surroundings. The counties with a comparatively strong function with respect to production space in 2018 included Qingxu County (2.09) and Xiaodian District (1.96). ② The living space of the research region was mainly concentrated in the urban area of Taiyuan City in the east and constantly expanded towards the south, with a general trend of decentralization and regional concentration. Counties with a relatively strong function with respect to living space in 2018 included Xiaodian District (1.89), Yingze District (1.81), and Jiancaoping District. ③ The ecological space of the research region was high in the northwest and low in the southeast. Counties with relatively greater ecological space included Jiaocheng County (4.34) among others, which were primarily located within the ecological protection area and coal mining vegetation-restoration area in the Lüliang Mountain region.[Conclusion] The spatiotemporal pattern and function measurement of the production-living-ecological space of Taiyuan urban agglomeration region are consistent with the metropolitan development pattern of core-periphery, which is also consistent with the land potential distribution.
Key words:  roduction-living-ecological space  function index  ecological civilization  Taiyuan urban agglomeration region