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基于“三生”功能的福建省国土空间特征及优化研究
朱润苗1,2, 陈松林1,2
1.福建师范大学 福建省亚热带资源与环境重点实验室, 福建 福州 350007;2.福建师范大学 地理科学学院, 福建 福州 350007
摘要:
[目的] 探究福建省国土空间特征,为解决城镇化快速推进导致的国土空间开发无序和推动其优化布局提供科学依据。[方法] 基于“三生”功能视角,以福建省为研究对象,运用综合评价法、探索性空间数据分析、障碍度模型和比较优势指数分析等方法,开展“三生”功能评价,分析其空间分布特征和障碍因素,找出优势功能区并提出优化对策。[结果] ①福建省2018年生产功能、生活功能和生态功能均值分别为0.061 8,0.093 6,0.030 6,三者空间分布特征整体呈现东高西低。②“三生”功能空间分布上均呈正相关性,三者的热点区和冷点区空间分布特点总体表现为东高西低,区域上存在一定重合。③影响“三生”功能的障碍因素主要有经济密度、生态价值服务总量、交通用地密度和城镇化率。④福建省国土空间可划分为4个功能利用区。[结论] 福建省“三生”功能发展差异大,应均衡区域发展,优化国土空间布局。
关键词:  “三生”功能  国土空间  障碍度  比较优势  空间优化  福建省
DOI:10.13961/j.cnki.stbctb.2021.04.042
分类号:F301.2
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“多维视角下台商对大陆农业投资的技术扩散研究”(41771136);福建省科技计划项目(2019R0124)
Characteristics and Optimization of Territorial Space in Fujian Province Based on Production-Living-Ecological Functions
Zhu Runmiao1,2, Chen Songlin1,2
1.Provincial Key Lab of Subtropical Resources and Environment of Fujian, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350007, China;2.School of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350007, China
Abstract:
[Objective] The characteristics of territorial space in Fujian Province were explored, in order to solve the disorder of territorial space development caused by rapid urbanization and provide scientific basis for optimizing its layout. [Methods] Based on the perspective of production-living-ecological functions, taking Fujian Province as the research object, the comprehensive evaluation method, exploratory spatial data analysis, obstacle degree model and comparative advantage index analysis were used to evaluate the production-living-ecological functions, analyze its spatial distribution characteristics and obstacle factors, and figure out the superior function areas and put forward the optimizing countermeasures. [Results] ① The average values of production function, living function and ecological function of Fujian Province in 2018 were 0.061 8, 0.093 6 and 0.030 6, respectively. The spatial distribution characteristics of production-living-ecological functions in Fujian Province were higher in the east and lower in the west. ② The spatial distribution of the production-living-ecological functions were positively correlated. The spatial distribution characteristics of the hot spots and cold spots of the three were generally high in the east and low in the west, and there was a certain overlap in the region. ③ The main obstacles affecting production-living-ecological functions included economic density, total amount of ecological value service, traffic land density and urbanization rate. ④ The land space of Fujiang Province could be divided into four dominant functional areas. [Conclusion] There are great differences in production-living-ecological functions in Fujian Province, therefore, we should balance regional development and optimize the spatial layout of land.
Key words:  production-living-ecological functions  territorial space  obstacle degree  comparative advantage  space optimization  Fujian Province