The compensation for forest ecological benefits becomes the focus of ecological field in recentyears. Some studies paid special attentions to the evaluation of whole ecological values. And mostof them neglected special stuation. Some studies paid special attentions to one aspectof ecological values,butivet was very difficult to meet the real needs. Theories aboutregional location quotient and leading industry are the typical theories ofregional economics. Based on these theories,a new notion,leading ecological values,was proposed in order to solve the problems of previous studies. Badaling forestry center was taken as an example to illustrate how to rediscover the ecological benefits of forestresources. The ecological location quotient was calculated to ascertain the leading ecological values. Based on the calculated result,a new reasonable way of calculating standards of compensation was set up,and a tentative model was given to compensate the ecological benefits in time and space order.